Japanese house is famous of its peacefulness. No wonder that there are a lot of people designing their houses in Japanese style. However, designing Japanese interior is not that easy because we must combine the concept of Japanese traditional design and the modern one. Japanese interior design has a lot of traditional styles. Yet, designers usually refer to 7 principles in designing Japanese interior, which are:
Using any resource as efficiently as possible is a crucial part of Japanese culture. Thus, a room in Japanese culture usually has more than one function so that the room will be used very efficiently. For example, futon, Japanese bed, is foldable. It is folded and kept during the day time so that the area to sleep can be used for another activity for day times. The layout of Japanese room is usually made reconfigurable. For instance, the interior wall may consist of shoji divider (wooden frame with translucent paper on / paper screen) which can be rolled up so that we can share the room. The ability to repartition the rooms for the sake of another function in different time is very fundamental in Japan. The people there put a premium on having multi-functionl room.
2. Japanese People who Respect Privacy and Seclusion
Japanese interior design combines a feature such as paper screen (shoji) which enables light enter the room. It will offer a privacy as well as seclusion to the room.
3. Natural Materials
Using natural materials is one of important principles in designing houses in a Japanese style. Both of traditional and modern interior tend to use natural materials such as wood, bamboo, silk, paper, and rice straw mat.
Simplicity has a great value in Japanese culture. The simplicity is as important as the elements in designing the house. Japanese rooms must have a neat appearance which is decorated as simple as possible.
5. Bright Color
Japanese interior designs often use natural colors which are made of natural materials such as wood, bamboo, paper, and rice straw. The other colors are the neutral one which combines black, white, grey, and brown
Japanese designs generally use lighting techniques utilizing natural resources. A beautiful light will appear through the shoji.
7. Elements in Traditional Japanese Interior Designs
Japanese interior design is also characterized by the use of certain traditional elements. The following are traditional elements which are generally used in Japanese interior design:
Fusuma is Japanese sliding panel which is usually made of wood and paper or cloth. It can be called the sliding door but often used on the entire rooms’ walls. The fusuma door can be easily put in and taken out. Once the fusuma door’s part is damaged it can be easily replaced.
Shoji is made with a wooden frame and translucent paper panels. The shoji is used as windows, doors and room dividers. Like Fusuma, it provides flexibility in room configuration. The shoji allows natural light to spread into the room while providing privacy.
Tatami s a traditional Japanese floor made from rice straw mats. In the past, most Japanese’s houses used tatami floor. Until now this flooring is still popular and applied in modern houses and also apartments.
Tokonoma is a built-in recessed space in a Japanese style reception room, in which items for artistic appreciation such as paintings, flower arrangements (ikebana), and calligraphy are displayed.
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