One of the popular actions taken to preserve the environment is to plant trees and create garden. Yet, are our gardens really environmentally friendly? Let’s look at the process of planting. It usually involves artificial fertilizers such as urea. The material is a toxic substance that water can contaminate soil and water when dissolved in.
In the garden maintenance, pesticide application releases toxins into the air which can kill tens or hundreds of organisms that may be useful in performing tasks in biodegradation. Grass trimming also releases the heat to the air and consumes energy and fossil fuels. Then, how to do an environmentally friendly gardening? Here is a brief explanation on how to create an eco-friendly garden.
- Plant native plants as many as possible. These plants are naturally adapted to local rainfall and temperature so they do not require much watering and fertilizing.
- Plant a variety of species, such as 10 plant species. High diversity is useful to prevent pests and disease. Indeed, the resulting garden will look more natural and less neat, but it does not require a lot of maintenance such as pruning and weeding.
- Plant the plants close to each other (densely) to suppress the growth of weeds. Weeds grow naturally because of the empty space in a conventional garden.
- For the irrigation, use rainwater or air conditioning water. By doing this, you can safe water.
- In the early planting, use fertilizers of organic material such as compost and manure. Plant legumes ( Leguminoceae ) among other plants to provide natural fertilizer. The leaves of the plants will also provide organic materials after they are decayed. Rice water and meat also provide nutrients for your plants.
- Do not use pesticides to prevent insects. Insects are very useful in pollination and stabilizing your garden. Use pesticides only when you are forced to, due to the high population. Also, eradicate weeds manually when possible.
- Plant crops that are productive such as fruits, medications, and spices you normally use every day. Plant them in a dense formation.
- Make a simple composting facility to process waste of our garden. It is way more environmentally friendly than burning it.
- Create an artificial wetland in the form of ponds or rain container gardens. In addition to water balance, it is useful for the garden drainage to accommodate runoff water and absorb it into the ground. In addition to reducing the burden of your home gutter, it also reduces erosion.
Make the most of your home design by create an eco-friendly garden design. In addition to beautify your house and provide fresh air, this environmentally friendly garden also helps you contribute to the earth preservation.
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