Fires and burns are the third leading cause of injury causing deaths that often occur in the home. Fires usually occur during the cooking activities. To avoid fire hazards at home, you can do the following tips on home accident prevention:
- Install smoke alarms. According to the National Fire Protection Association (2005), about half of the fire -related deaths in the U.S. occurred in 5 percent of the homes that do not have a smoke alarm. Meanwhile, in homes with smoke alarms there are only a quarter of the alarms which work well. The rests are lost, not working, or disconnected because the battery is depleted.
- Install the smoke alarm on every level of your home and in or near every bedroom. Use the photoelectric type smoke alarms or the ionization one. Check the alarms every month and change the batteries every six months to one year.
- Be careful when cooking. Do not too close to the stove, especially when frying. Roll up your sleeves when cooking and never cook with loose sleeves and use oven mitts. Be careful with the stove. Do not let children play near the stove or help you cook on the stove.
- Do not ignore maintenance. Is the wiring in your home professionally inspected by a qualified electrician at least once every 10 years? Chimneys, fireplaces, furnaces, and wood and coal stoves should be inspected annually and cleaned, if necessary.
- Use common sense. Keep lighters out of the reach of children and put in a locked cabinet. Many children are badly burned each year because messing with the stuff. Other things, cover electrical outlets, remove the power cord dangling or broken, keep the heater space at least three feet from flammable objects, blow out the candles when you leave the room, unplug the curling iron when not in use.
- Set the hot water heater. Set the ideal temperature at 120 degrees F. This hot water can cause burns within 2-3 seconds.
- No smoking. If you smoke cigarettes, secure the fire by throwing cigarette butts in the provided place. And, do not smoke in the house. Keep the smoke from other family members. Most importantly, stop smoking.
Now that you have known the home fire hazards prevention tips, you can protect your family better. Remember, once started, a fire can rage out of control in minutes. So, it is better to do the home fire prevention as early as possible.
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