If you know the basic principles of interior design, you can transform any room in your house into a fabulous room. You certainly know how it feels when you come into a well-designed room. You can feel how everything feels cohesive and put together. It just feels right. You can achieve the effect in your own home with little knowledge of the basic principles of interior design. The combination between knowledge and practice in various experiments will certainly create the atmosphere of your home become more beautiful.
In interior design, balance creates a sense of equality. It deals with an attempt to equalize or almost equalize the visual weight of an object. The balance is made not only through shapes, but also through colors and texture patterns as well.
There are three types of balance:
- Symmetrical or formal. Traditional or formal rooms usually give an impression of symmetrical balance where space is divided evenly into two sides that mirror each other. For example, two seats on either side of the coffee table can be said to be symmetrically balanced. This kind of balance can be easily achieved by performing repetitions on each side. If you are not careful, the type of symmetrical balance can be monotonous and boring.
- Asymmetrical or informal. Balance is achieved by giving visual emphasis on lines, colors, shapes and textures without making proper duplication. Unlike the symmetrical balance, asymmetrical balance is usually more complex and interesting. For example, the sofa can be balanced asymmetrically by placing two chairs on the other side.
- Radial balance. It is achieved when there is a central focal point on an element and then radiates from or in the surrounding. The example would be a round dining table with chairs arranged around it. There are a lot of repetitions of shapes, colors, and textures.
As in music, rhythm in design is about creating patterns of repetition and contrast to create a visual interest. You can achieve this by using the same color or shape at different intervals. The goal is to move your view around the room. For example, you can create a rhythm by using colors in the pillow, taking it in a painting, and applying it in the carpet. This repetition will help bring your views to the observed around the room.
Harmony is created when all the elements act together to convey a message. Just like rhythm which can create an excitement, harmony can create a sense of comfort. For example, you can create harmony by using only one color, even if your space components vary greatly in shape, size and texture.
A space will seem boring when all components are arranged flat and monotonous. You need to accent the main attraction. Architectural spaces often have interesting places such as a fireplace or a window with a beautiful view. You can create a focal point by arranging furniture arrangement around it.
Proportion and scale
Proportion is the ratio between the size of one part to another, and the scale is how the size of one object relates to another or to a space where it is placed. The ancient Greeks had created the formula proportions through the Golden Section, which seeks to reduce any comparison with a simple formula: The ratio of the smaller part to the larger should be the same as that of the larger part to the whole. We can easily find Golden Section proportions in nature. Many artists and architects are also applying the principle of proportion in their works.
Well, those are the basic principles in interior design. Consider these important interior design principles when you are planning to build a house.
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