Home and health are two things that cannot be separated from today’s modern society life. That’s why housing is always associated with health requirements. It is to protect the occupants from various diseases, especially infectious diseases. Health is no longer doctors’ responsibility only, yet home designers and architects also have a role to improve the health quality of the occupants through the home design.
To obtain a healthy home design, the home environment must meet certain healthy requirements. If not, there will be an interactive relationship that adversely impact the health. A healthy house covers many aspects, including the aspects of sociology, physics, chemistry and biology.
The criteria of being healthy based on the healthy needs include the home size related to the size of the house floor. Ideally, one person requires a floor area of 4.5 m2 and for children aged 1-10 years is about 1.5 m2.
There have been small houses with too many family members, making the house too crowded. Thus, the aspect of family growth is neglected. A growing number of occupants in a house, especially the small house, invites more and more colonies of germs which might result in respiratory disease.
Another important aspect in a healthy house is the ventilation. That is, the floor of the house should be well ventilated in order to get clean air quality. A study suggests that a healthy house should feature ventilation of 10-20 percent of the floor area of the house.
Air is one of the essential elements to support health. We cannot postpone breathe, but when we are thirsty, we are still able to delay drinking for some time. And unfortunately there are often some sources of pollution at homes, especially smoke from stove, paint, and asbestos. They all contribute to indoor air quality.
The last is physical environment, radiation from televisions, radios, and other electronic devices as well as noise. Workers at the radio and television company, according to a study, had complaints about menstrual disorders. It is said that this was a bad impact of radio radiation. Therefore more research is needed to find whether the radiation can affect the occupants of the house. The need for home is dominant, and public awareness for healthy living at home is increasing. It’s certainly not separated from the proliferation of housing development in suburban areas by developers.
Based on the reports of the American Public Health Association (1959), a home is considered to be healthy if it meets four basic requirements:
- being able to meet the basic physiological needs of occupants.
- being able to meet the basic psychological needs of occupants.
- being able to protect occupants from possible outbreaks of infectious diseases.
- being able to protect occupants against the possibility of harm to the accident.
In other words, a house which is completely healthy is a house that can guarantee the preservation of the health of the occupants. A luxurious house with occupants who are easy to fall ill is then not a healthy house. In contrast, although the house is relatively simple, but if the health of its occupants can be guaranteed, then the house can be considered as healthy.
In the end, this healthy house issues cannot be separated from the occupants themselves. By maintaining cleanliness in the house you also contribute to environment preservation. When the house and the environment around it is healthy, then it is formed what we call a healthy house.
Image credit: marvelbuilding.com